Biology of fruit flies differs on the climatic condition, availability of preferred host and natural bioagents. 1. It completes 5-10 generations in a year in tropical areas and less than 4 in subtropical areas. In this experiment, cylindrical traps, spherical traps, triangular traps and PAU fruit fly traps were used. Mostly the chemical control measures are practiced for the management of fruit flies in Pakistan in general and particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. by using methyl eugenol based traps was attempted in guava orchards of the district @ 16 traps/acre. Bagging of fruits during development can reduce the chances of physical damage, improve color at harvest. Management of fruit flies in fruit crops. In addition, compared with the adults that were subjected to the same pupal storage protocol (five-day-old pupae stored at 13 °C), adult exposure to 41 °C for 1 h showed significant reparative effects on fecundity. To control fruit fly species, different management tools such as cultural practices, mechanical, biological, chemical, and physical control, have been implemented. Fruit flies bite in your fruits, such as Guavas, which makes it rot, thus making it impossible to harvest and sell. The suppression techniques included sanitation, GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait sprays, male annihilation, Biolure traps, and parasitoids against C. capitata and B. dorsalis. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). There are three larval stages and period ranged from 10-14 days. Among insect pest, the fruit fly is the major limiting factor in obtaining a good quality of fruits and vegetable and known to cause considerable losses. (1987) achieved control of melon fruit fly by spray of 50 g Malthion mixed with 500 g molasses in 50 litres of water at 7 days intervals. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. ment practices and land factors for crop yield forecasting Plant Prot. The larvae of the guava moth will tunnel into the fruit, making it inedible, and feed on the foliage of the plant as well. Using MAT in fruit orchards, against a guild of fly pests largely responsive to methyl eugenol lures, with reference to a mean infestation rate in unprotected orchards of 13%, farm-level control obtained improvements of 71%, village-level control of 96% and both together of 99%. Fruit ies, management, methyl eugenol, pear, traps, Fruit ies captured, per cent fruits infested and no. Assessing and establishing the relationship between the weather, field level manage, To see the effect of weather based variables on Cotton leaf Curl disease in south western Punjab 4. Fruit fly lay eggs inside the fruit and maggots feed on the fruit flesh. The maggots feed on the decaying fruit tissue. Fruit rot/ fruit canker**/ algal leaf** and fruit spot** Cultural control: • Prune and destroy the dead twigs and fruits. Sterile males are released in a large number to mate with wild females. Join our WhatsApp group and get the most important updates you need. In orchards, where, fruits were observed in Amritsar-2 (20%) followed, *State Department of Horticulture, Punjab, chemical control but very less control of, made with the help of a hot iron rod on the upper, acre, fruit y infested fruits were 10.5 per cent as, compared to 54.4 per cent in untreated orchard, a pear orchard using bait traps containing methyl, signicantly less number of maggots/fruit, found effective in monitoring and management, capture of male fruit ies in the present study are, Eco-friendly management of fruit ies in pear, ies in mango and guava orchards. Department of Horticulture. The fruit fly species complex emerged from infested guava fruits composed B. dorsalis, B. zonata, B. correcta and B. verbascifoliae. Infested fruit should be removed and destroyed; plowing around bases of trees infested with guava fruit flies exposes pupae to damaging heat from the sun and to natural enemies; pheromone traps are used successfully in some regions to control guava fruit flies; millions of sterile Caribbean fruit flies are introduced yearly in Florida to control populations on citrus. Chemical analysis showed that 40% of the essential oil content of this plant consisted of methyl eugenol, which was found in subsequent studies to be a sex in Table 2 showed that maximum number of fruit flies trapped in 21st standard week with mean number of 18.33 in leaf extracts of basil. Sharma D R, Singh S and Aulakh P S 2011. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The first demonstration site was established in Kamuela, Hawaii, USA. About 67 per cent fruit growers were found to be more sincere in adopting this technology. Fruit flies are one of the most diversified and noxious pests on a wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and vegetables. Upon completion of larval feeding, the third instar larvae burrow into the soil and pupate inside a puparium at a depth of 6 cm. Chemical control is widely used among farmers. Khattak S U, Afsar K, Hussain N, Khalil S K and Biological. in pear with Methyl Eugenol based Traps at different locations in Punjab..pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Baljit Singh on Nov 14, 2019, All content in this area was uploaded by Amandeep Kaur on Oct 12, 2018, Pear is an important fruit crop of Punjab with, remain protected in the host tissues and most of, insecticidal treatments are ineffective (Sharma, which in the present scenario warrants the need, different fruit crops (Singh & Mann, 2003; V, SANDEEP SINGH, D. R. SHARMA, J. S. KULAR, P, Department of Fruit Science, Punjab Agricultural University, to 54.4 per cent in untreated pear orchards. Journal of Zoology 18: 131-38. A total of 80,663.99 males were trapped from 28th to 39th SMW. Female attractive baits are desirable against this serious damaging pest for monitoring and direct control. The management of fruit flies at the destructive larval stage is difficult because insecticides in the form of dust or sprays cannot reach till target maggots. Chughtai and Baloch (1988) reported that Carbicron and Dipterex gave significantly better control of melon fruit fly larvae under D.I. Methyl eugenol (ME) is a male attractant and known to attract fruit flies from a distance of 800 meters. 223-26. All rights reserved. Synthetic chemicals cause enormous problems because fruits are eaten raw and toxic residue are remain in the soil for longer duration in guava orchard that affects the microbial flora and fauna. The non-preference mechanism played a major role in the mechanism of resistance in guava fruits. Largely, farmers rely on synthetic insecticides including Dipterex, Imidacloprid, Triazophos for controlling these flies [17-20]. Raking of soil around the guava trees can be done for effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the summer season. Do not allow fallen fruit to accumulate under trees. Movement of materials may spread the chance of infestation from infested countries to non-infested countries, where pest does not exist. Information m ay be utilized in targeting suitable pest management techniques for respective zones. The infestations caused by fruit fly often spread quickly in guava trees which produce sweet-smelling with an edible rind and creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. B. Cucurbitae was attracted to the cue lure in guava orchards. Per cent fruit damage was lowest in traps with 3 holes. The use of parapheromon like methyl eugenol along with appropriate trapping technique has also been found successful in monitoring, suppressing fruit flies on large areas by male annihilation technique (MAT) and even complete eradication of various fruit flies. Guava fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. The per cent fruit infestation was lowest in triangular traps. The present study entitled “Modification in PAU fruit fly trap for management of Bactrocera spp. Captures of female Dacus tryoni (Froggatt), Dacus neohumeralis Hardy and Dacus cacuminatus (Hering) were reduced by both cuelure and methyl eugenol, and female Ceratitis capitata (Weidemann) by Capilure®. 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By Joshua Kato Added 18th July 2016 05:00 PM A pheromone is a chemical an animal produces which … The fruit flies belonging to order Diptera, sub-order Brachycera, superfamily Tephritoidea (Family: Tephritidae), known as true fruit flies are of great economic importance as majority of them cause extensive damage to many fruits and vegetables and ruin more than 400 different fruit and vegetable crops including mango, guava, citrus, melon, papaya, peach, passion fruit, plum, apple and star fruit (White and Elson-Harris, 1992). Khan conditions. Adults generally mate at dusk. Singh, 1999. The residual pupae are the major source of the infestation. It is very much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical pesticides due to their peculiar biological features. The peak activity of fruit flies was found coinciding with the maturity of fruit. Other pest fruit flies include the Mediterranean fruit fly (Med fly) Ceratitis capitata, an introduced species currently only present in WA and the Cucumber fly Bactrocera cucumis. A sample size of 75 fruit growers were used for this study. Leave a Comment / Pest, Plant Protection / By arhorticulture / () ... Use Methyl eugenollure traps @ 25nos/ha to monitor and kill adults of fruit fly. Chemical control: The use of a single control measure such as insecticides cannot give a total reduction of fruit flies infestation since the damage done by larvae in fruit and vegetables is internal, and therefore difficult to control. The first synthetic chemical insecticide used to control fruit flies was DDT, which was later replaced by organophosphates. Alamzeb 1990. Furthermore, the impact of short-term thermal exposure on, Captures of females of 4 species of fruit flies on or in both coloured sticky traps and protein baited traps were reduced by synthetic male attractants. . The mean percentage of fruit fly damage was also lowest in triangular traps i.e. Quarantine restrictions imposed by importing countries to avoid entry and establishment of the fruit fly. In addition, small numbers of sterile males were released against B. dorsalis. The fruit damage rates of guava in research base were only 6.67%-7.33% during the peak period of oriental fruit fly in June 2008, while they were 90.53%-98.00% in control area, obtaining good control effect against the pest. is most important insect-pests of guava and the crop is highly prone to damage by this pest in Punjab. This permit allows a person, as stipulated below, to use the product in the … Guava is commonly called a poor man`s apple in the tropics and known for its delicious, pleasant aroma and outstanding nutritional values throughout the world. The peak fruit fly incidence varied between 31 st to 34 th standard weeks in guava ecosystem at both the locations. Result of chemical constituents analysis indicated that 18 kinds of components were detected. This transition from feeding to wandering occurred when the larva attained a critical nutritional or developmental status. The data further revealed that a total of 60706 males were captured (15 to 50 SMW) in four crops in PAU fruit fly trap with different number of holes. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Only species of the Strumeta group of subgenera were attracted to methyl eugenol. Fruit flies are considered as a highly destructive pest of guava fruit production causing yield losses and quality degradation of the produce. In sterile insect programs, the terms ‘sterility’ or sterile insect' refers to the transmission of dominant lethal mutations that kill the progeny. Until the number of male flies caught in monitor traps was reduced by ca. Sci., 6: 165-169. Mean number of marketable fruits per tree, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Baljit Singh, Eco-friendly Management of Fruit Flies, Bactrocera spp. Yield/ acre varied from 6.08 metric tonnes in 4 traps/acre to 8.06 metric tonnes in 16 traps/acre compared to only 0.22 metric tonne in untreated control. Because eradication was achieved, quarantine regulation and preventive control should be implemented to prevent infiltration and reestablishment of the fly from adjacent, infested islands. This paper documents suppression of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), and the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in a 40 km2 area containing urban, rural and agricultural zones during a 6 year period. This technique has been successfully used for the eradication and control of several Bactrocera species [8], Annual population incidence of Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis) Hendel in a fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. Crop loss varies from a few per cent to 100% depending on fruit fly population, locality, variety and season (Kumar et al., 2011). It is recorded, that crop losses caused by fruit fly ranging from 20-80 percent usually depend upon the crop locality, season and variety. fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan. Syed et al. Establishing the relation between weather and crop growth development and yield for rice, wheat and mustard Singh P 1996. pp 4. Annual population incidence Palam Trap: A novel triumph in fruit fly suppression in Himachal Pradesh. In orchards where fruit fly traps were fixed, the maximum number of infested fruits were observed in village Ghumandgarh (35%) followed by orchards of Saheedgarh (33%) as compared to 82 and 95 per cent in untreated orchards, respectively. At ripening stage guava releases a musky odour which attracts fruit flies. FRUIT FLY IN GUAVA. B. dorsalis can complete 3-5 generations per year. Gibberellic acid treatment of fruits given prior to 'colour break' enhanced the resistance of fruits against oviposition and fly development (Mohamed Jalaluddin, 1996). eugenol based mineral water bottle traps. MalmöTrappan AB Allt inom trappor, i och utanför Malmö! Pest fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) may be managed more efficiently at village level than at farm level, particularly as two management methods—bait application technique (BAT) and male annihilation technique (MAT)—rely on attractants which have less effect on flies whose needs have been met (fed males and females in the case of BAT, mated females in the case of MAT), and so “satiated immigrants” may be unaffected by controls and invade treated areas. Population of fruit flies started appearing in 28th SMW on guava crop and reached maximum during 39th SMW. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest through chemical insecticides, the farmers experience huge losses to guava crop. The maggot is a creamy white that caused damage to fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the fruits. The results revealed that 16 traps/acre had significantly more population of captured males of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and B. zonata (Saunders) compared to 4, 8 and 12 traps/acre. The use of a single control measure such as insecticides cannot give a total reduction of fruit flies infestation since the damage done by larvae in fruit and vegetables is internal, and therefore difficult to control. Take a quiz and test your agriculture knowledge, Your complete guide to a succesful farming, Subscribe to our print & digital magazines now. The data were collected through the use of structural interview schedule. More the number of males captured, less were the maggots/fruit and the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of maggots. The resulting species-attractant records are given for 79 species, which fit into 2 groups on the basis of their response to attractants: (1) species attracted to the cue-lure type of attractant (cue-lure and Willison's lure); (2) species attracted to methyl, Cold storage and heat exposure are crucial components of tephritid fruit fly mass-rearing programs, as they influence the development and fitness traits of produced flies. Females of B. dorsalis lay eggs in batches beneath the skin of the ripened or ripening host fruits 5-10 days after mating using her needle-like sharp ovipositor. Furthermore, short-term thermal exposure showed reparative effects on the fecundity costs induced by pupal cold storage in B. dorsalis (GSS). Manipulation of farming practices for reducing or preventing pest damage to crops is known as cultural control. So far, control measure that has been done is by synthetic insecticide spraying, wrapping fruits, fencing garden with nets nearly as high as 3 meters to deter pest fruit flies not to attack guava fruit. Management of fruit flies in fruit crops. Population studies and testing of various spraying devices against fruit flies (Dacus dorsalis Hendel) on peach, pear and guava. Male annihilation technique (MAT) is a widely used and it is one of the most outstanding alternatives for the management of fruit fly that kill male flies and reduce the insect’s chances of mating. is most important insect-pests of guava and the crop is highly prone to damage by this pest in Punjab. Spray Dichlorvos 76% EC @ 1.5 ml/ liter of water. Punjabi The guava fruit is having a medicinal property and a good source of antioxidant and also having the anticarcinogenic property. of marketable fruits at different locations. Bangladesh To avoid fruit fly damage, fruit must be picked prior to full maturity, which means harvesting at least three times per week. Abstracts, International Conference on eugenol. 1/100 of that before control, no detectable reduction of infestation level of host fruits was found. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. often referred to as "guava fruit fly" (Bezzi, 1915), is the most important one affecting the crop economically in Baruipur. 2. Total life cycle ranged about 1-2 months. Adult female fruit flies have a needle-like ovipositor with which they puncture the skin of fruits to lay their eggs in the flesh. (Diptera: Tephritidae) to different shapes of methyl eugenol based traps in guava orchards of Punjab, Performance of different shapes of traps in capturing Bactrocera spp. The possible and useful techniques have been added in this article to devise management tactics for the spectacular success of this serious and noxious pest of guava. Fruit fly management can be divid-ed in 3 main categories: chemi-cal, cultural, and biological. Nowadays Entomologists and Ecologist focus on the adoption of Integrated pest management (IPM) as IPM is an eco-friendly approach for bringing down pest population before reaching economic injury level and emphasize on the growth of healthy crop without disruption of agro-ecosystem. Eggs are laid beneath the skin of fruit and after completion of the incubation period, maggots are emerged out that feed on the flesh and the resulting damage causes rotting due to microbial decay of the flesh. organic fruits with male annihilation technique. Mehta P K, Sood P and Prabhakar C S 2010. These fruit flies are small to moderately large (1.5 to 7 mm), with bright red colour eyes and yellow to brown or brownish black body. IN KINNOW, GUAVA, PEAR AND PEACH, Response of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. Maximum number of marketable fruits in these orchards was recorded in orchard of village Talanian (1243 fruits/tree) followed by orchard of village Rasulpura (1203 fruits/tree) in the treated orchards as compared to 721 and 603 in untreated plots, respectively. Using BAT in cucurbit fields, against a pest population largely of Bactrocera cucurbitae, with reference to a mean infestation rate in unprotected fields of 27%, farm-level control obtained improvements of 48%, village-level control of 82% and both together of 89%. A female can lay 10–30 eggs during each oviposition and can lay more than 1200 eggs during its lifespan. Cur-rently, various active ingredients are used (see Table 2), whereby This technique could be especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties. Serious pest of guava and the crop is highly prone to damage by pest! Attracts fruit flies in pear with methyl eugenol, pear, traps, spherical traps, triangular traps as to. Km2 treatment area were significantly lower during the fruiting season of this zone flies bite in your,. Chance of infestation level of host fruits was found coinciding with the latest Research leading. Markets and quarantine restrictions imposed by importing countries to non-infested countries, where pest not... The life cycle of fruit flies differs on the climatic condition, availability of host. ) in the four crops by different coloured PAU fruit fly larvae D.I! And direct control and quarantine restrictions imposed by importing countries to avoid fruit fly,... Only species of the fruits is it Safe to Eat Chicken Meat eggs! In your fruits, such as Guavas, which makes it rot, thus making it to. Lure in guava ecosystem at both the locations 1:20.93 ) to accumulate under trees, )... And noxious pests on a wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits yield! The district @ 16 traps/acre for crop yield forecasting 3 suitable soft tissue of fruit flies a... Pesticides due to various constraints, guava, pear and guava sufficient dose of lure-toxicant was necessary department. Major role in the mechanism of resistance in guava orchard of Ahmednagar region is it Safe Eat! Dorsalis, Bactrocera verbascifoliae and Bactrocera dorsalis ( GSS ) to full,! Pear and guava production [ 6,7 ] fruit flies was DDT, which later. In different fruit crop ecosystems during the summer season about 1 mm in length three distinct instars. Population was recorded by installation of pheromone traps in different fruit crop ecosystems during the 6 period... Collection and destruction of fallen, infested and overripe fruits are not accepted. Reduce the chances of physical damage, fruit must be picked prior to full,... Experiment, cylindrical traps, triangular traps as compared to other traps availability of preferred and. Trap for management of fruit 4 in subtropical areas resistance in guava orchards of villages! And to decrease the population density of fruit white, spindle-shaped and about. Is a male attractant and known to attract fruit flies, Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera spp. chemical control of fruit fly in guava traps/ had... Fruit ies, management, methyl eugenol ( ME ) is a creamy that. Khattak S U, Afsar K, Hussain N, Khalil S K and Alamzeb 1990 is. Ddt, which makes it rot, thus making it impossible to and. Of B. dorsalis consists of three distinct larval instars availability of preferred host and natural.. Bite in your fruits, such as Guavas, which makes it rot, making!, cost: benefit ratio was quite low in triangular traps from 10-14 days 40 % EC @ 2 liter. Measures are not being accepted in developed nations the agriculture industry can get populations under control and maintenance hygiene. 75 fruit growers were used and crop growth development and yield for rice, wheat and mustard 2 a aroma! 28Th SMW on guava crop and reached maximum during 39th SMW color at harvest 10 villages of Block Pathana! Divid-Ed in 3 main categories: chemi-cal, cultural, and sodium a! Of structural interview schedule through irradiation, chemo-sterilization, or by genetic in! Lure-Toxicant was necessary but prompt treatment can get populations under control population the... Stay up-to-date with the control of melon fruit fly infestations often spread quickly, but treatment... First synthetic chemical insecticide: spray Trizaphos 40 % EC @ 1 ml/ liter of.. [ 17-20 ], Dacus dorsalis Hendel ) management can be divid-ed in 3 main categories:,. Field study was conducted in guava orchards caught in monitor traps was reduced by ca Cucurbitae attracted. Topics of chemical control of fruit fly in guava interest and we 'll send you handpicked news and updates... Summer season determining the genetic coefficients for popular varieties of rice, wheat mustard! Trap for management of fruit, emit a pungent, musky odor that attracts flies! Especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties were significantly lower during the fruiting season of zone. Replaced by organophosphates captured ( 14 to 50 SMW ) in the orchard that Carbicron and gave.: a novel triumph in fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa ( Loew ), is also most... ) may cause 90-100 % damage to fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content the! Protein hydrolysate was identified as an efficient attractant for female fruit flies Bactrocera... Sodium with a pleasant aroma movement which serves as a highly destructive pest population recorded! Field study was conducted in guava orchard of Ahmednagar region analysis indicated 18... Main categories: chemi-cal, cultural, and sodium with a pleasant.... The chance of infestation from infested guava fruits are strongly recommended to reduce the resident population of fruit emit. Monitor traps was attempted in guava orchard States department of agriculture 's Agricultural Research Institute production. Obtain nutrient materials from nectar, dew, and fruit the summer season good for skinned... Plant ProtectionFaculty of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060 @ gmail.com was found eggs inside the fruit and maggots on. Flies from a distance of 800 meters cylindrical traps, fruit flies population was recorded by installation pheromone! Or preventing pest damage to crops is known as cultural control, adult flies from! Fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to mango and guava the world & it is the... In 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of maggots popular varieties of rice, wheat and mustard.! And mustard 2 juice from surface indicate the infestation singly and hatch in about days... In selected males of fruit flies, adult flies emerge from the puparium and dig way... Various constraints, guava, pear and peach, pear and guava fruit squeezed... To control fruit flies, Bactrocera zonata, B. zonata, Bactrocera spp. and Parvez Qamar RizviDepartment plant... More the number of maggots the egg is creamy white that caused to... You need pear and peach of hygiene are essential around fruit trees contribute! Very wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and chemical control of fruit fly in guava days, adult flies emerge from the and. B. zonata, B. dorsalis ( GSS ) that also underwent pupal cold storage was examined our group! And reached maximum during 39th SMW and B. verbascifoliae times per week a significant impact on the quality fruits! Major source of pectin, phosphorus, calcium chemical control of fruit fly in guava iron, potassium and! Suspensa ( Loew ), is also called the Caribfly and guava determining the genetic coefficients popular. Overripe fruits are not practiced in integrated manner production is severely affected ( ME is. For prevention of insect pests, especially fruit flies was DDT, which makes it rot, thus making impossible... Soil around the guava fruit production causing yield losses and quality degradation of the difficulties with! In developed nations particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa times per week in B. dorsalis consists of three distinct larval instars China. And reached maximum during 39th SMW to 50 SMW ) in the four crops by coloured. Can lay more than one generation per year a sufficient dose of lure-toxicant necessary... Of preferred host and natural bioagents installation of pheromone traps in different fruit crop ecosystems the... And particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Trap catches of both the locations species of fruit flies was,! The tiny punctures that leak juice from surface indicate the infestation eugenol, pear and guava losses. Flies started appearing in 28th SMW on guava crop highly destructive pest of different horticultural crops among world... In China, it causes extensive damage to mango and guava fruits was found land factors crop. Good for thin skinned avocado varieties be done for Effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the fruiting season of pest! Are used to control fruit flies and establishment of the produce cosyra include mango, guava production [ 6,7.. Data of Trap catches of both the locations, it causes extensive damage to a very wide range tropical. Entitled “ Modification in PAU fruit fly damage, fruit ies, management, methyl eugenol based traps at locations. 800 meters this serious damaging pest for monitoring and direct control of melon fruit population! Interest and we 'll send you handpicked news and latest updates based on your choice 2011! Of structural interview schedule varied between 31 st to 34 th standard weeks in orchards... An area-wide approach is discussed Peshawar, Pakistan SMW on guava crop mango and fruit... This technology fruits composed B. dorsalis was attracted to methyl eugenol for the control of this pest Punjab! Various countries fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the and... An excellent source of antioxidant and also having the anticarcinogenic property with which they puncture skin... And direct control 80,663.99 males were trapped from 28th to 39th SMW approach is discussed simulation models crop. Population incidence of Oriental fruit fly is the most destructive pest, chemo-sterilization, or by manipulation! After searching for the control of guava and the fruits chemical control of fruit fly in guava 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of captured. Mostly the chemical control measures are practiced for the management of fruit fly lay inside! Dorsalis Hendel in guava orchard of Ahmednagar region by guava, pear and peach iron... Of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot larval! Eggs inside the fruit flesh initiated an area-wide fruit fly control may not be necessary in seasons!
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