Ultimately, the most desirable color of ruby is the one you prefer the most. The ruby, along with the sapphire, is in the corundum group. Needles might be short or long and slender, and they might appear to be woven tightly together. Initially, Andrew lived in the South of England, travelling the country, searching for items of silver to buy. The most valuable rubies have a medium red to medium dark red tone which is also known as “pigeon blood” red. The world’s largest mined ruby, the Liberty Bell Ruby, was discovered in the … More information on blue sapphires. Over time, and through selling at a range of venues, Andrew built up a large and diverse customer base from private buyers to national and international trade customers. The hue of a ruby is what most people would describe as its colour, i.e. Historically, the term “pigeon’s blood” described the red to slightly purplish or pinkish red color of rubies with a soft, glowing, red fluorescence. Color-Change Sapphire. A very eye-catching and beautiful species of precious stones, they come in different colors starting from pink to a darker red. Rubies are commonly cut into oval and cushion shapes. The combination of colour found in Burmese stones and what is called ‘silk’ is a rarity in the gemstone world. Tone is connected to the brightness of the gemstone. Their color is a lustrous, sparkling true red color. The blue sapphire is the birthstone for September. Click on an item to learn more. © 2002 - document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Gemological Institute of America Inc. GIA is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. The color comes from traces of chromium. That’s some serious stone, possibly not realistic for a stud earring. Courtesy: Tommy Wu, Shire Trading Ltd., Hong Kong. The ruby has been set between hexagonal diamonds to create an exquisitely beautiful piece of jewelry. Explore the world of diamonds and colored gemstones. Traditional descriptions like these are useful for evoking images and describing color among professionals. The most valuable ruby gemstones are a dark red known as blood red or pigeon blood. However, ruby colors range from lighter, bright red to deep, reddish-brown. The most valuable attribute of Sapphire is the cornflower blue color, known as Kashmir Sapphire or Cornflower Blue Sapphire. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. Some examples include the Liberty Bell ruby – the world’s largest ruby, weighing 8,500 carats. Having graduated university with a BA in English Literature and an MA in Creative Writing Bethany then joined the AC Silver team as a content creator. Historically, the word ruby referred to shades of red, which technically included pink. New sources can produce material very similar to rubies from classical localities or present a slightly different appearance, but remain just as beautiful. The most common shape is a flat tabular hexagonal shape, but ruby crystals from some sources can be elongated. Some inclusions can actually contribute positively to a gem’s appearance. It’s hard to say what might make a ruby ‘perfect’ as so much is subjective. The presence of rutile silk causes light to scatter across facets that might otherwise be too dark. At auction, especially rare and valuable rubies have sold for millions of pounds. The per-carat prices of fine-quality rubies have been rising consistently, many times breaking auction records. Star. – Photo: Robert Weldon/GIA. We have several items that feature Burmese rubies, such as antique ruby rings and more. In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. Ruby can also contain needles composed of other minerals, small crystals, zones of color variation, or inclusions that resemble fingerprints. In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. It is a myth that diamonds are the most valuable gems whereas the fact is Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald are much more valuable. When the mineral is rutile and needles are present in intersecting groups, it is called silk. So, perhaps emeralds aren’t all that after all. Emeralds are often considered the next most valuable, followed by rubies and sapphires. They might fashion flattened ruby rough into shallow stones, even though light escapes through flattened pavilions, causing an unattractive see-through area in the stone called a window. T: +44 (0) 191 240 2645 Diamonds are the most valuable, due to their beauty and hardiness. Some rubies are more valuable than others – or at least more expensive. However, a highly valuable, expensive ruby would be opaque, with high saturation, a red hue, and a tone that creates a rich, but very obviously red colour. A Cartier Pin in Ruby and Diamond ($ 8,428,127) This jewelry is made up of a Burmese ruby ​​of 10.10 … Bethany spends her days writing content for the AC Silver blog and other luxury goods/antique blogs. People in the trade expect rubies to have at least some inclusions because inclusion-free rubies are practically nonexistent. The Liberty Bell Ruby. There are also cultural differences in the interpretation of ruby versus pink sapphire. Some gem dealers debate the borderline between ruby and pink sapphire. The per-carat price of ruby can also increase dramatically as size increases, especially for better-quality stones. Set between two diamonds and fitted on a ring, the Sunrise ruby will not easily be ignored. However, rubies come in a variety of colors from bright red to dark pink. They are: colour, cut, clarity, and carat. It’s hard to say what might make a ruby ‘perfect’ as so much is subjective. The finest ruby has a pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red color. Relatively speaking, there is an abundance of good quality small sapphires but not rubies. Intersecting needles of the mineral rutile create a common ruby inclusion called silk. Corundum has two primary gem varieties: ruby and sapphire. red, pink etc. It is also known as the Jubilee Ruby. By closing this banner or using this site you agree to our revised Privacy Notice, Terms of Service and Cookie Policy. Today, rubies are still regarded as valuable because of their beautiful red color, hardness and rarity. Color is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value. Burmese rubies are far and away the most expensive, most valued rubies. The faceted stone weighs 11.55 carats and the rough stones weigh between 16.65 carats and 278.50 carats. The Sunrise ruby is not only the most expensive ruby, but also the most expensive non-diamond gemstone in the world. Furthermore, there is the Prince of Burma ruby. In the gem trade, though, pinpointing the dominant hue is subject to personal perception. The color must be neither too dark nor too light to be considered finest quality. Naturally, there is something of a value system for all precious gemstones. The color must be neither too dark nor too light to be considered finest quality. Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. However, there is some controversy around the working conditions in the mines from which these gemstone originate. Ruby is gem-quality red corundum. Pidgeon blood rubies contain spots of blue or purple in them, making your find incredibly valuable. Rubies that pure red are often called “pigeon blood” or burmese red rubies. The ruby, orignated from Mogok in Myanmar, Burma. At a November 2014 auction held by Christie’s in Hong Kong, an incredible signed Cartier platinum, diamond, and Burmese… An excellent color can make the difference between an amazing ruby and an average ruby. With ruby, stones that have an intense red hue are more valuable than those whose color is not as vivid. This is one of the big advantages of buying antique and vintage jewellery; no further demand is placed on the industry as a result. Red is one of the rarest colors in the gems world, and a pure red, such as the famed pigeon's blood ruby, is exceptionally rare. While some areas produce consistently high quality gemstones, not all gemstones have the same importance of heritage as rubies. If large and prominent inclusions are located under the table facet, they greatly diminish the transparency, brilliance, and value of the stone. To accommodate these crystal shapes, the most common shapes of fashioned rubies are ovals and cushions, with brilliant-cut crowns of kite-shaped and triangular facets, and step-cut pavilions with concentric rows of rectangular or square facets. At the other extreme, if the color is too light, the stone may be considered to be a pink sapphire, even if color strength or intensity is high. Color is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value. Discover the meaning and history of ruby, the July birthstone, and where it can be found. If the temptation of a Burmese ruby is too much to take, explore the ruby category of our website. Photo: Robert E. Kane/GIA. they are not so dark as to appear almost black. Combining Pearls and Yellow Gold – The Top Jewellery Trends for Winter 2020, The Most Popular Earring Styles According to Instagram. Red Gems. In ruby it typically appears as red to purplish red in one crystal direction and orangy red in the other. Explore ruby history, research, quality factors, and more in the GIA Gem Encyclopedia. The primary color is red, and the secondary color is usually orange, purple or pink. Obvious inclusions, or inclusions that reduce transparency or brightness, lower a ruby’s value dramatically. Burma Ruby is the rarest and most valuable member of the corundum family. The price per carat goes up significantly for ruby as it increases in size. It is significant because of its size as a deposit of raw ruby. So, what made the Sunrise ruby more valuable than the Prince of Burma or the Liberty Bell? When they are intact, they prove the ruby was not heat-treated at very high temperatures. The most valuable blue sapphires have a slight violet or purple hue to them, this deepens the blue color. Although, don’t be mistaken, it still knows how to make an impression. April 2016 a 15.99ct oval-cut Burmese ruby ring, made by Verdura, sold for $14.16 million at Christie’s New York. This adds softness to the color and spreads the color more evenly across the ruby’s crown. But they can be subject to misinterpretation when used to describe a ruby’s actual color. Other factors that would determine the value of a ruby … This gem – if cut into a processed stone – could result in a stone weighing in at 300 carats. The Difference Between Pink Sapphire and Ruby. Terms of Service apply. A ruby’s crystal shape dictates its suitability for certain cuts. The name ruby comes from the Latin "Rubrum," meaning red. These rubies were all mined in Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). The result of this is that depth is created within the stone, as facets are visible draw the eye inwards, creating a suggestion of a never-ending gem. Dark and violet red rubies come principally from Thailand. Cut stone: Courtesy: Edward Boehm. Needles that intersect can also cause the star effect, called asterism, when the stone is cut with a curved upper surface, called a cabochon cut. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. A ‘silky’, pigeon blood red ruby from the mines of Burma can set you back millions if it’s large enough. Inclusions can also limit a ruby’s durability. Prized for their beauty, durability, and rarity, it is the quality of the color which most determines the value of rubies. The following are … You can unsubscribe at any time. This is a rare variety of sapphire and it shows different colors under different light. The more the ruby’s color is strictly red, the more valuable it is. Though India is typically seen as the origin of the finest ruby crystals, there are deposits throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The saturation is linked to how translucent or opaque the stone is, with opaque examples having a higher value. A 3-4 carat ruby of fine quality would be a rare and very expensive gem in today’s market. Until recently, only emerald, ruby, and sapphire were officially called precious gemstones. All other color varieties of gem-quality corundum are referred to as sapphire. Beside for its bright color, it is a most desirable gem due to its hardness, durability, luster, and rarity.Transparent rubies of large sizes are even rarer than Diamonds. The mixture of these untreated and heat-treated rubies show a range of darker and brighter red colors. Even so, it’s not always possible to orient a ruby for ideal color return because the potential loss of weight would be too great. All rights reserved. In May of 2015, Sotheby’s Geneva hosted a sale that offered a one-of-a-kind Pigeon Blood Mogok Burmese ruby that managed to break all records when it sold for over $30 million and for over $1 million a carat. The ‘best’ place a ruby can originate from is Burma. Your ruby could be a pidgeon blood ruby, the rarest kind. Andrew Campbell started trading in antiques during the 1970s. Hue refers to the actual color of the ruby and any secondary colors that may be present. Ruby is distinguished for its bright red color, being the most famed and fabled red gemstone. A series of features referred to as the ‘Four Cs’ are used to quantify the value of a gemstone. Why is a purplish red ruby the most expensive type you ask? However, the qualities might be typical of that source or they might represent the finest stones from that source. Much darker red or lighter pinker shades are considerably less valuable. Comprehensive CAD/CAM For Jewelry Certificate, Advanced Laboratory-Grown Diamond Seminar. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "afd6d70d89fcfef53199f43d9db01c21" );document.getElementById("ab89ea9f11").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); 35b St Georges Terrace,Jesmond, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE,NE2 2SU,United Kingdom Corundum is a crystalline form of aluminium oxide (Al 2 O 3) typically containing traces of iron, titanium, vanadium and chromium. The previous titleholder for most expensive ruby was the Graff Ruby, which had sold six months earlier in November 2014 for $8,600,410. The color of a ruby is assessed based on three attributes: hue, saturation, and tone. Purchased anonymously during a 2015 auction in Geneva, the final listing price for the Sunrise ruby was a staggering $30.42 million. Ruby is the red variety of the mineral Corundum. Several factors affect the cut and proportion of rubies on the market. The combination of Burmese origins with the colour described as ‘pigeon blood red’ is what makes a ruby the most valuable of its kind. The prices of all the precious stones of different sizes are mentioned in the below table-Species: 1 carat: 1-5 carat: 5+ carats: Diamond: $4,300/ct: $13,600/ct: $44,500/ct: Ruby: $5,050/ct: $9,500/ct: $100,000/ct: Ruby rough is very expensive, so many cutters try to conserve as much weight as possible. This color is often known as “pigeon’s blood” red and is very rare and highly valuable. The most valuable rubies tend to have medium darkness, i.e. Typical ruby clarity characteristics include thin mineral inclusions called needles. These rubies are the most prized and valuable of all rubies. All other gems were referred to as semi-precious. When we think about rubies, we immediately recognize the deep blood-red color that makes rubies so desired. The star ruby is a rare variety of ruby that exhibits asterism; a six-rayed star that shimmers … The ‘silk’ of a ruby is – believe it or not – a collection of inclusions in the stone that allow light to hit areas it otherwise would not. Discerning the colour of a ruby breaks down into the three components: hue, saturation, and tone. Saturation: Color saturation refers to how intense the hue of the stone is. Most gemological authorities expect a medium to medium dark-red color tone in a ruby. VAT: GB 500 0310 42, Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales, By clicking Submit you agree to our Privacy Policy and allow AC Silver to contact you about new items. The balance of elements contained within the stone gives it this colouration, making it incredibly rare. Ruby value can depend on how visible the inclusions are. The items featured on this blog, for example, all have Burmese rubies. Andrew sold these items at various London markets and antique fairs. Whether you consider rubies an ominous stone, suited to witches and sorcery, or if you think of luxury, sophistication, and splendour when considering the stone – everyone has at one point coveted it. Raw gemstone carved into the shape of the Liberty Bell, and adorned with 50 diamonds, the Liberty Bell Ruby would certainly be counted amongst the most valuable rubies in the world. 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