Infobox Pope English name=Sixtus II birth_name=Sixtus term_start= August 30, 257 term_end= August 6, 258 predecessor=Stephen I successor= Pope Sixtus iv was born in July 21, 1414, near Abisola, and died in august 12, 1484. 257.08.30 – 258.08.06. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. [2] According to the Liberian Catalogue of popes, he served the Church during the reign of Hadrian "from the consulate of Niger and Apronianus until that of Verus III and Ambibulus", that is, from 117 to 126. Pope Sixtus III died in 440 and, like his predecessor Celestine, was canonized as a saint. 1. Last pope to have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in 2013. Pope Sixtus I was also the sixth Pope after Peter, leading to questions as to whether the name "Sixtus" (meaning "sixth") might be fictitious. Sixtus II is referred to by name in the Roman Canon of the Mass. It is said that he was born in Rome and that he suffered a martyr's death by decapitation at the Via Nomentana on May 3. Like most of his predecessors, Sixtus I was believed to have been buried near Peter's grave on Vatican Hill, although there are differing traditions concerning where his body lies today. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 19:27. [1] Contents Vicar of Jesus Christ. His first thought was the prosecution of the war against the Turks , and legates were appointed for France , Spain , Germany , Hungary , and Poland , with the hope of enkindling enthusiasm in … His feast is celebrated on 6 April. He succeeded Pope Alexander Iand was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V. During the reign of Sixtus V, the dome of St Peter's Basilica was completed;. Upon his return to the city Count Riario joined his wife and held the Castel until persuaded to withdraw from the city with payment of 4000 ducats.[3]. Sixtus I instituted several Catholic liturgical and administrative traditions. Pope Sixtus I was the 7th pope in the Catholic Church. Pope Linus (/ ˈ l aɪ n ə s / (); died c. AD 76) was the second bishop of Rome.His pontificate endured from c. AD 67 to his death. The conclave which assembled on the death of Paul II elected him pope, and he ascended the chair of St. Peter as Sixtus IV. Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent, was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. He was a Roman by birth, and his father's name was Pastor. Sixtus IV died on 12 August 1484 and was succeeded by Innocent VIII. Becoming a Franciscan, he subsequently taught and was chosen minister general of his order in 1464. Pope Sixtus IV (Latin: Xystus Quartus; 21 July 1414 - 12 August 1484), originally Francesco della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 213th Pope from 1471 until his death in 1484.. [2], The conclave was carried out by the largest non-schismatic College since the eleventh century. Linus is named in the valediction of the Second Epistle to Timothy as being with Paul the Apostle in Rome near the end of Paul's life. [2], The Holy See's Annuario Pontificio (2012) identifies him as a Roman who served from 117 or 119 to 126 or 128. Pope Saint. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Miranda, Salvador. 150–196. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was a native of Tuscany. Pope Alexander VI (Latin: Alexander Sextus; 1431–1503), born Rodrigo Lanzol y Borja, was an Spanish cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 215th Pope from 1492 to 1503. He was predecessor of Pope Evaristus and successor of Pope Sixtus I. Roman Catholic Pope. use the spelling Xystus (from the Greek word for "polished") in reference to the first three popes of that name. Supreme Pontiff of the Universal … Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. [2] Cardinal Borja led the first faction and Cardinal della Rovere, the second; these factions were roughly aligned with the Orsini and Colonna families, respectively. The 1484 papal conclave (August 26–29) elected Pope Innocent VIII after the death of Pope Sixtus IV. The third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. His accomplishments as Pope included the establishment of the Sistine Chapel; the group of artists that he brought together introduced the Early Renaissance into Rome with the first masterpiece of the city's new artistic age, the Vatican Archives. In Alife, there is a Romanesque crypt, which houses the relics of Pope Sixtus I, brought there by Rainulf III. For the archbishop, see Francesco della Rovere (archbishop) . His successor, Pope Leo X, ... Pope Sixtus IV paid a formal visit to the newly restored building on 1 May 1482, and it may be that Giuliano was already in residence then. Pope after Sixtus III is a crossword puzzle clue. Sergio e Bacco, bishop of Agrigento. Duchesne, I.128), he passed the following three ordinances: Alban Butler (Lives of the Saints, 6 April) states that Clement X gave some of his relics to Cardinal de Retz, who placed them in the Abbey of St. Michael in Lorraine. Nereo ed Achilleo, archbishop of Conza, Title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio, bishop of Parma, Deacon of Ss. Pope Sixtus I(42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), a Roman of Greek descent,was the Bishop of Romefrom c. 115 to his death c. 124. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. [3], Pope Saint Sixtus I, patron saint archive, Collected works in Migne Patrologia Latina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Sixtus_I&oldid=999096284, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2018, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. *The Church claims that he died as a martyr and was beheaded. The sixth occupant of the Holy See, he was elected in 106 AD. According to the Liberian Catalogue of popes, he served the Church during the reign of Hadrian "a consulatu Negro et Aproniani usque Vero III et Ambibulo", that is, from 117 to 126. According to the Liber Pontificalis (ed. Little is known of his life. Sixtus VI was elected on 28 August 2007 in a Papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 1 September 2007, and took possession of his cathedral, the Archbasilica of St John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. He was made cardinal in 1467 by Pope Paul II, whom he succeeded on Aug. 9, 1471. Sixtus V created 33 cardinals in eight consistories during his reign, which included his grandnephew Alessandro Peretti di Montalto and his future successor Ippolito Aldobrandini who would later become Pope Clement VIII. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. [2] As a result, nearly all of the non-Venetian cardinals supported the continuation of Sixtus IV's policies of isolation towards the Republic of Venice, specifically the Peace of Bagnolo. Sixtus of Rome (Xystus) By COGwriter . Successor of the Prince of the Apostles. Marcellino e Pietro, archbishop of Lisbon, Title of S. Crisogono, bishop of Recanati, 25 March 1471 (in pectore), 10 December1477, Title of S. Clemente, archbishop of Turin, Title of Ss. ^ Lauro Martines, April Blood: Florence and the Plot Against the Medici, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp. In order to prevent the selection of Cardinal Barbo, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. Pope Sixtus I. Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent, was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. He is known for beginning construction of the Sistine Chapel. Pope after Sixtus III is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 3 times. "Sede Vacant August 12, 1484—August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, De aliquis mutationibus in normis de electione Romani Pontificis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1484_papal_conclave&oldid=981346519, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, administrator of Valencia, Bishop of Ostia e Velletri, bishop of Bologna, administrator of Avignon, Bishop of Palestrina, patriarch of Aquileia, Title of S. Maria in Trastevere, archbishop of Milan, Title of Ss. *His successor was Pope Saint Dionysus who became pope on July 22, 259. His pursuit of political goals and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive. Among those to have been pope, Peter, Linus, and Clement I are specifically named in the New Testament. At some point between 432 and 440, during the reign of Pope St. Celestine’s successor Pope Sixtus III, the Roman Emperor Valentinian III commissioned Leo to travel to the region of Gaul and settle a dispute between military and civil officials. 91 3 December 741 – 22 March 752 (10 years, 110 days) (3762) St Zachary ZACHARIAS: Zacharias c. 679 Sancta Severina, Calabria, Eastern Roman Empire 62 / 73 Greek. All authorities agree that he reigned about ten years.[2]. Interesting Facts About Pope Sixtus II Sixtus IV, pope from 1471 to 1484 who effectively made the papacy an Italian principality. By 431, as a deacon, he occupied a sufficiently important position for Cyril of Alexandria to apply to him in order that Rome's influence should be thrown against the claims of Juvenal of Jerusalem to patriarchal jurisdiction over Palestine -- unless this letter is addressed rather to Pope Celestine I. [2] He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. [2] Eusebius states in his Chronicon that Sixtus I was pope from 114 to 124, while his Historia Ecclesiastica, using a different catalogue of popes, claims his rule from 114 to 128. *Pope Sixtus II died on August 6, 258. Giovanni e Paulo, bishop of Macon, Title of Ss. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. At the death of Sixtus IV, the conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor numbered … There are related clues (shown below). The generally touted Catholic position is that Sixtus (originally spelled Xystus) was the seventh pope and that all subsequent leaders of the true church passed through him (Lopes A. Feast day 15 March. Was he a pope? As pope he is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter. Successor: Innocent VIII. Was he even a bishop? He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. A building for the Vatican Library was constructed. [1], The immediate context of the election was the nearly unprecedented packing of the College of Cardinals by Sixtus IV, not only in terms of overall size, but also in terms of cardinal-nephews and crown cardinals. Roman Catholic Pope. Pope Saint Sixtus I was pope from about 117 or 119 to 126 or 128, succeeding Pope Alexander I.In the oldest documents, Xystus is the spelling used for the first three popes of that name. *His papacy began on August 30, 257. Sixtus IV (sĭk`stəs), 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II.He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal. [2] However, the two factions of cardinals differed over whether the church ought to prioritize the continuation of the Italian League or should prioritize papal power (especially vis-a-vis Naples) over the preservation of the peace. His papacy ended 115 AD. Title of Ss. The external dome was covered with lead and the bands were covered with bronze gilt. The Xystus who is commemorated in the Catholic Canon of the Mass is Xystus II, not Xystus I. Sixtus IV: Successor: Alexander VI: Orders; Ordination: c. 1450: Consecration: 28 January 1467: Created cardinal: 7 May 1473 by Sixtus IV: Personal details; Birth name: Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) Born: 1432 Genoa, Republic of Genoa: Died: 25 July 1492 (aged 59–60) Rome, Papal States: Previous post Bishop of Rome. Successor: Sixtus IV: Orders; Created cardinal: 1 July 1440 by Eugene IV: Personal details; Birth name: Pietro Barbo: Born: 23 February 1417 Venice, Republic of Venice: Died: 26 July 1471 (aged 54) Rome, Papal States: Previous post: Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria Nuova (1440–1451) Apostolic Administrator of Cervia (1440–1451) [1] Contents. Life; Legacy; See also; References; Literature; External links; Life. Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent,[1] was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. Saint Pope Sixtus II. He was born in a poor family, and when he was a child, he was destined for the Franciscan order. Pope Sixtus IV (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 1471 to 1484. Clue: Pope after Sixtus III. Successor: Leo I: Personal details; Born: c. 390 Rome, Roman Empire: Died 18 August 440 (aged 50) Gaul, Western Roman Empire: Sainthood; Feast day: 28 March: Other popes named Sixtus War with Naples. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sistine Chapel and the creation of the Vatican Archives. The oldest documents[which?] The Holy See's Annuario Pontificio (2012) identifies him as a Roman who served from 117 or 119 to 126 or 128. Sixtus was expected to be a reformer, but he was too much embroiled in political difficulties. Who was Sixtus of Rome? [2] Because of an intense dispute between the Colonna and Orsini, the city of Rome was marked by far more civil unrest during the sede vacante than was to be expected historically. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. Pope. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. "Conclave of August 26 - 29, 1484", Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, The election of Pope Innocent VIII (1484), Adams, John Paul. At the death of Sixtus IV, the conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor numbered thirty-two cardinals. Was he the sixth successor to Peter? Sixtus IV later studied philosophy and theology at the University of Pavia, and lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence. *The papacy of Sixtus II ended when he died in August of 258. While Count Girolamo Riario was away besieging a Colonna stronghold, his palace was sacked and his wife fled to the Castel S. Angelo. that none but sacred ministers are allowed to touch the sacred vessels; that bishops who have been summoned to the Holy See shall, upon their return, not be received by their diocese except on presenting Apostolic letters; that after the Preface in the Mass the priest shall recite the, This article incorporates text from a publication now in the, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 13:32. Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation. About the same time John Cassian dedicated to him the treatise against Ne… His feast is celebrated on 6 April. Sacred College of cardinals, Miranda, Salvador, Miranda, Salvador bronze gilt administrative traditions Colonna stronghold his! 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